Values, rights and duties in the development of human rights

In the light of the recent United Nations Declaration on Human Rights Education and Training, the author returns to the dialectic between rights and duties in the theory and practice of human rights with the appearance of ‘horizontal’ obligations towards others, such as humankind and the planet. New attempts are being made to set human rights against ‘traditional values’, as in Russia, or in France, to have a ‘republican morality’ or even a ‘secular morality’ prevail over individual autonomy. It is more necessary than ever to articulate fundamental rights with collective values.