Loïc AZOULAI is Professor of Public Law at Panthéon-Assas University (Paris II). Formerly Legal Secretary at the European Court of Justice, he is currently on leave from Paris II holding the Chair of European Law at the European University Institute (Florence). He is co-director of the Academy of European Law of the European University Institute and member of the Editorial board of several journals (Common Market Law Review, Revue trimestrielle de droit européen, European journal of Legal Studies, European Law Journal). He has published mainly in EU law. Among his last publications are: ’L’entrave dans le droit du Marché intérieur’ (editor, Bruylant : Bruxelles, 2011), “The ’Retained Powers’ Formula in the case law of the European Court of Justice – EU Law as Total Law?” (European Journal of Legal Studies, 2012/1), ’The Past and Future of EU Law. The Classics of EU Law Revisited on the 50th Anniversary of the Rome Treaty’ (coeditor with M. Poiares Maduro, Hart Publishing: Oxford, 2010), “Constitution économique et citoyenneté de l’Union européenne” (Revue Internationale de Droit économique, 2011/4).